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Zakiyyeh Azadani: The conception of freedom in the Islamic world during the 13th to 17th centuries
November 5, 2021 @ 14:00 - 16:00 CET
Zakiyyeh Azadani will present on “The conception of freedom in the Islamic world during the 13th to 17th centuries”.
The question of human’s free will—one of the most fundamental issues in Western philosophy—has also been a controversial topic in the Islamic world. In my research, I plan to work on relatively short texts written by Islamic thinkers who lived during 13th to 17th centuries, which offer innovative ideas in order to solve the problem of free will. In this presentation, I intend to explain the outline of my research, and give a short account of three viewpoints toward the question according to a triple classification. The first one is an approach -presented by Maǧlisī in his Ǧabr wa Tafwīḍ, which can be considered as a theological solution. The second one is a philosophical approach pursued by Tūsī and Mīrdāmād in their treatises Ǧabr wa Qadar and Al-Īqāẓāt fī l-Ḫalq al-Aʿmāl. And the third viewpoint is a philosophical-Sufi attitude toward the question of freedom, followed up by Mullā Ṣadrā, according to two treatises written by him: Risāla fī l-qadā wa-qadar, and Ḫalq al-aʿmāl.
Zakieh Azadani obtained her PhD in philosophy from University of Tehran in 2017. Since graduation, she has been working as a lecturer at the University of Tehran, teaching ethics and history of philosophy among other things. Her research interests include modern and contemporary European philosophy, Islamic philosophy, and ethics, especially the question of freedom. “Freedom and Event in the Thought of Martin Heidegger”, “The Structure of Freedom: System or Fugue?” and “The Relation Between God’s Will and Human Will in Mīrdāmād’s Risāla al-Īqāẓāt” are the titles of some of her recent publications.